What is it?
Zika infection is caused by a virus which is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito
The illness is typically mild and lasts only a few days
What are the symptoms?
Fever, rash, joint pain and conjunctivitis (red eyes)
80% of people won’t have symptoms
How can I contract Zika?
From an infected mosquito
In recent years there has been a significant increase in cases
You should not travel to areas where you could contract the Zika virus if you are pregnant
Zika-carrying mosquitoes which have bitten pregnant women are causing birth defects
You should avoid conceiving (both men and women) for at least 3 months after being in a Zika risk area
If travel is unavoidable discuss your risks with us in relation to your itinerary
Where can I contract it?
Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in central and west Africa, the Americas, Asia, Central and South America as well as in Mexico, most of the Caribbean and the Pacific
What vaccines are available?
There is no vaccine or medication that protects against Zika virus
How can I prevent it?
Use insect repellents containing DEET or Icaridin
Treat clothing with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated clothing
When weather permits, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants
Use air conditioning or window/door screens to keep mosquitoes outside
Help reduce the number of mosquitoes inside and outside your home or hotel room by emptying standing water from containers such as flower pots or buckets
What is the treatment?
Get plenty of rest
Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
Take medicines such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) to relieve fever and pain
Avoid aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and naproxen as there is a slight risk these can exacerbating bleeding