TUBERCULOSIS

What is it?

Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infectious disease that usually infects the lungs, although it can also infect other parts of the body including the kidneys, spine and brain

It is caused by the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis bacteria

What are the symptoms?

When TB infects the lungs, symptoms include a chest pain and a cough that produces phlegm or blood and that lasts more than 3 weeks

Other symptoms of active TB usually include weakness, tiredness, weight loss, chills, fever, night sweats and sore swollen lymph glands

The majority of people infected with M. Tuberculosis have no symptoms

How can I contract it?

M. Tuberculosis spreads in respiratory droplets

If you breathe air infected with TB germs you can become infected

You cannot get TB from by casual contact like a handshake or by sharing food or drinks

Where can I contract tuberculosis?

TB occurs in all parts of the world but is prevalent in Asia, Africa and Latin America

What vaccines are available?

The vaccine is called the BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin)

TB is extremely rare in Canada and the vaccine is not given routinely

How can I prevent tuberculosis?

For most Canadian travellers the risk of contracting

TB is very low and vaccination is unnecessary

If you are travelling to a country with a high incidence of TB and expect to be in close, long-term contact with local residents consult with your travel medicine specialist to determine whether vaccination is advisable and ways to screen for the disease on your return

What is the treatment?

Anti-tuberculosis medication

"The Burnaby location has very nice staff that makes your less than fun stay much better (who likes being stuck by one or more needles). They give vaccinations for basically anything that you could need wile out travelling the world. "
Mike G - Yelp

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