What is it?
Pneumococcal disease is caused by the Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms depend on the type of pneumococcal infection you have
However, common symptoms for most types of pneumococcal infection include aches and pains, chills, fever and headache
Other symptoms can include coughing, breathing problems, chest pain, earache, ear infection, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stiff neck and seizures
How can I contract pneumococcal disease?
S. pneumonia spreads in respiratory droplets resulting from coughing, sneezing or close face-to-face contact
It can also spread as a result of sharing food, beverages, cigarettes, lipstick, water bottles, sports mouth guards and mouthpieces for musical instruments
Where can I contract it?
You can contract it anywhere in the world
What vaccines are available?
Pneumococcal-23 and Pneumococcal-13 (also known as Prevnar-13 and PCV-13)
How many shots will I need?
You will need one dose of pneumococcal vaccine for each one
The timing of these is important as they cannot be given at the same time if you want to get both
Will I need a booster?
Most people do not need a booster for pneumococcal vaccine
How can I prevent pneumococcal disease?
Immunization is the single best way to prevent pneumococcal disease
What is the treatment?
Pneumococcal disease is treated with antibiotics
However, some strains of S. pneumonia have emerged that are resistant to this treatment method