What is it?

Malaria is a parasite spread by the bite of an infected mosquito

There are are four main strains

One of which, Falciparum, is fatal unless treated

In some countries Falciparum is nearly 100% of the strains

What are the symptoms?

Fever, chills, sweats, headache, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain

Other less common symptoms include anemia and jaundice

The Falciparum strain of malaria can lead to seizures, coma, kidney failure, respiratory failure and death

Symptoms can develop 7 days to several months after you are infected

How can I contract malaria?

From the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito

Where can I contract it?

Malaria is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia, Oceania, Central and South America, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and parts of Mexico

What drugs are available?

There are 4 drugs used to prevent malaria: Chloroquine, Mefloquine (Larium), Doxycycline and Malarone

The choice of drug comes down to potential side effects, dosing regimes, other meds you might be taking and the part of the world you are going where the drug is effective

How can I prevent malaria?

By taking prescribed anti-malarial medication

Anti-malarial medications aren’t infallible but will significantly decrease your risk of contracting malaria

Use insecticide sprays and insect repellents containing at least 30% DEET

Limit outdoor activities at night, wear permethrin-treated clothing, sleep in screened or air-conditioned areas or under permethrin-treated mosquito nets

Burn mosquito coils at night if you are not sleeping in screened or air-conditioned areas

What is the treatment?

The treatment varies depending on which type of malaria you have been infected with

Malaria can be cured if it is diagnosed early and treated appropriately

"The Burnaby location has very nice staff that makes your less than fun stay much better (who likes being stuck by one or more needles). They give vaccinations for basically anything that you could need wile out travelling the world. "
Mike G - Yelp