Required and Recommended Vaccinations

When you are travelling, you may be at risk for diseases that can be prevented by vaccination or medication. Some vaccines are recommended to protect you from these illnesses and to prevent you from bringing them home or to another part of the world. Other vaccines are required for entry to some countries in Asia, Africa, and South America.

During your consultation a TMVC travel health specialist will advise you of the vaccinations and preventative medications that are required and recommended based on your travel plans and medical history.

Required Vaccinations

Yellow Fever vaccination and certification is required by international health regulations for travel to some countries in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. TMVC has been designated by the Public Health Agency of Canada and the World Health Agency as a Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre.

Meningococcal meningitis vaccination is required by the government of Saudi Arabia for Hajj and Umrah pilgrims. Polio vaccination is also required for children traveling on these pilgrimages.

Recommended Vaccinations

You can travel without getting recommended vaccines, but you might regret it. During your consultation, one of our travel health specialists will assess your particular risks and recommend vaccines that can help safeguard your health while you travel. In Canada, the following vaccinations are recommended:

Cholera Cholera is an acute infection that targets the gastrointestinal system and causes watery diarrhea. Symptoms begin with rapid onset of diarrhea, sometimes accompanied by vomiting. If left untreated, Cholera can progress rapidly to dehydration and kidney failure, which can be life-threatening… more


Hepatitis A Hepatitis A is caused by a virus that causes inflammation of the liver and flu-like symptoms including headache and fever. It may also cause jaundice. It is spread when infected people prepare food without washing their hands after they use the toilet… more


Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is caused by a virus that attacks the liver. It is spread through blood and some body fluids including semen and vaginal secretions. It is highly infections and can live in dried blood for up to four weeks. It can result in chronic infection and causes serious and potentially life-threatening disease… more


HPV (Human Papillomavirus) HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection, and some strains can lead to genital warts and cervical and other types of cancer. Anyone who has sexual contact with another person is at risk of getting HPV… more


Japanese Encephalitis Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is a potentially serious viral infection caused by the bite of the Culex mosquito. Symptoms can range from mild headache to brain inflammation, seizures, and paralysis, and occasionally death… more


Meningococcal Disease (bacterial meningitis) Meningococcal meningitis is caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis. Meningococcal Disease is life threatening and requires immediate medical attention… more


Pneumococcal Disease Pneumococcal Disease is caused by the Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria. S.pneumonia can overcome the immune system, leading to an infection of the inner ear, lungs, blood, or the lining of the brain… more


Rabies Rabies is a viral infection that is transmitted through a bite or other close contact with the saliva of an infected mammal. The virus travels from the infection site to the brain, where it causes swelling, or inflammation, that leads to the symptoms of the disease. It is nearly always fatal if left untreated… more


Tick-Borne Encephalitis Tick-Borne Encephalitis (TBE) is a viral disease transmitted by tick bites. It can cause swelling of the brain (encephalitis) and swelling of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord (meningitis). In severe cases it can cause long-term neurological damage and death… more


Typhoid fever Typhoid fever is an infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, which is found in contaminated food and water. Untreated Typhoid can lead to inflammation of internal organs including the heart, spleen, and liver, and it may be fatal. Some people who are infected with Typhoid do not develop symptoms, and up to five percent of people who recover from Typhoid become healthy carriers who are capable of infecting other people… more